American Pipit, Anthus rubescens rubescens

Recording AV#17480. USA: Michigan: Muskegon County; Muskegon Wastewater Treatment Plant (43.258, -86.056)
recorded by Pamela C. Rasmussen

Recording Characterization

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Graphic Sound Analysis
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Sonogram of recording #AV 17480
AVoCet catalog #AV17480
Audio duration (s)27.9
ID confidence and determination100%
seen well
Other noisewaves and wind
Sound types presentcalls, flight and aggression
Grade of best portionaverage
rather faint, noisy
Playback usedno

Individual Characterization

Behaviorhad been foraging together, then one flew around and soon the other flew up and they fought in mid-air for several seconds, hovering just a few feet above ground, then both flew and circled around
Group size2
Same individual as in other cuts in same spatiotemporal group?same two


Recording dateOctober 26, 2013
Time recorded (24h)11:16h
LocationUSA: Michigan: Muskegon County; Muskegon Wastewater Treatment Plant (43.258, -86.056)
Coordinates determined by: Google Earth
Elevation (m)212
Determined by: Google Earth
Weathercold, windy, partly sunny
Habitatcement and rocky shore of large water treatment plant

Additional Information

Recordist namePamela C. Rasmussen
Copyright/permissionscopyright by recordist, freely available for non-commercial use with attribution
Recording EquipmentNagra Ares BB+, Sennheiser ME67/K6
Editing Informationhigh-pass filtering 5000hZ